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GAO Calls on Congress to Rationalize Financial Regulatory Structure's picture
Commentary by Steven Lofchie

In its annual report, the Government Accountability Office ("GAO") encouraged Congress to make legislative changes to the financial regulatory structure in order to improve (i) the efficiency and effectiveness of oversight, (ii) the parity between consumer and investor protections, and (iii) the consistency of financial oversight for similar institutions, products, risks and services. GAO also called on Congress to consider whether aligning the authority of the Financial Stability Oversight Council with its mission to respond to systemic risks necessitates legislative changes.

The GAO report covers a range of governmental functions. Regulation of financial services is discussed on pages 7-8 and, in more detail, at pages 63-71. According to the GAO, "a pattern of inconsistencies and inefficiencies . . . continue[s] to persist because of the fragmented regulatory structure" (at page 65).


The GAO Report focused on government expenditure and regulatory fragmentation. Implicit in the Report is that such fragmentation has an enormous cost for the private sector. Examiners from different agencies investigated the same institution for what is essentially the same activity. The result was minimal differences between regulators’ assessments of near-identical products for roughly twice the cost.

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